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  • Writer's picturemanaal fatima


Many individuals are unfamiliar with the phrase cryptocurrency. As you can see, the crypto sector is still in its infancy. Bitcoin was the first to see the light of day in January 2009, therefore it is still in its infancy.

Owning a cryptocurrency exchange with huge daily revenues is one of the largest enterprises in the crypto sector. And new ideas emerge on a daily basis, such as decentralised exchanges or derivative exchanges.

In this post, we'll look at the different types of cryptocurrency exchanges, comparing decentralised and centralised exchanges to help you understand the distinctions.


A cryptocurrency exchange, such as Bitcoin, Ether, or Dogecoin, is a marketplace where you may buy and sell cryptocurrencies. Cryptocurrency exchanges function similarly to other trading platforms you might be familiar with. They set up accounts for you where you can generate various order types to buy, sell, and speculate in the cryptocurrency market.

Advanced trading tools such as margin accounts and futures trading are accessible on some crypto exchanges, but they are less prevalent for consumers in the United States. Others include features such as crypto staking or crypto lending, which allow you to earn money on your cryptocurrency holdings. The leading exchanges provide educational resources to keep you informed about everything crypto.


In general, there are two types of cryptocurrency exchanges: centralised and decentralised exchanges. Each group has its own set of benefits and drawbacks.


One organisation manages centralised crypto exchanges (CEX). Users can transfer their fiat cash, such as dollars, directly into cryptocurrency on centralised exchanges, making it simple to get started with cryptocurrency trading. On controlled exchanges, the great majority of crypto trading takes place.

Some bitcoin aficionados believe that centralised exchanges are incompatible with the decentralised nature of cryptocurrencies. Even worse, some crypto users believe that the corporation or organisation may demand users to fulfil Know Your Customer (KYC) standards. To combat money laundering and fraud, these demand each user to reveal their identification, much like when applying for a bank account.

There's also the issue of hacking with centralised exchanges. A CEX holds the crypto transacted on its platform—at least in the short term, while trades are processed—increasing the danger of assets being stolen by hackers.

Centralized crypto exchanges have toughened their security in recent years to counter this problem. They now store most customer funds offline and have insurance coverage in place to cover crypto losses in the event of a hacking, among other things.

You can limit your risk by transferring crypto to a separate, off-exchange hot or cold wallet if you prefer the convenience of a centralised exchange.

Decentralized Exchange

DEXs (decentralised crypto exchanges) share the burden of enabling and verifying crypto trades. Anyone who joins a DEX network can certify transactions, similar to how bitcoin blockchains function. This may improve accountability and transparency while also ensuring that an exchange can continue to operate regardless of the state of the firm that developed it.

The problem is that decentralised exchanges are far less user pleasant, both in terms of UI and currency conversion. Users can't always deposit dollars and exchange them for crypto on decentralised exchanges, for example. This implies you must either have cryptocurrency or utilise a centralised exchange to obtain cryptocurrency that you can then spend on a DEX.

You'll almost certainly be doing direct peer-to-peer exchanges as well. This implies it may take longer to locate someone interested in buying what you're selling, and you may have to make price concessions to purchase or sell a low-volume coin swiftly if liquidity is low.

Top 5 exchanges for 2022

Coin Base

Coinbase is a safe and secure online exchange where you may buy, sell, transfer, and store digital currency. Our vision is to build a global open financial system and to be the dominant global brand for converting digital currency into and out of local currencies.

We make it simple to buy and sell digital currency.

Using Coinbase to send or receive digital money between online wallets, friends, or merchants is free!*

We'll take care of security and backups so you don't have to.

We're a "one-stop shop" since we have a wallet, an exchange, and merchant tools all in one place.

Binance US

Binance.US is a cryptocurrency exchange for citizens of the United States, created by Binance and its U.S. partner BAM Trading Services. Users can buy, sell, and trade over 60 cryptocurrencies on the site, including Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Solana (SOL), and Cardano (ADA) (ADA). The platform has among of the lowest trading fees and gives discounts to high-volume traders, but the regulatory history of its partner company is problematic.

Binance is a cryptocurrency exchange that is the largest in the world in terms of daily cryptocurrency trading volume. It was established in 2017 and is based out of the Cayman Islands.

Changpeng Zhao, a developer who had previously designed high-frequency trading software, launched Binance. Binance was founded in China, but moved its headquarters out of the country after the Chinese government tightened its grip on cryptocurrencies.

Binance was investigated by the US Department of Justice and the Internal Revenue Service in 2021 on charges of money laundering and tax evasion. may be the correct choice for you if you're seeking for a low-cost, all-in-one cryptocurrency platform. You'll obtain greater benefits from this exchange if you can stake more Cronos (CRO). It's a great low-fee crypto exchange with over 150 cryptocurrencies available in much of the United States, even without the CRO bonuses — especially if you want a crypto debit card. To find out if is right for you, read our entire review.

Anyone who wishes to spend, trade, store, and preserve cryptocurrencies, particularly's utility token, Cronos, can benefit from this cryptocurrency exchange. This all-in-one exchange allows you to purchase, sell, and trade a wide variety of cryptocurrencies at low prices.


If you're looking for a crypto rewards credit card and don't want to deal with confusing fees, BlockFi could be a suitable option.

BlockFi was launched in 2017 and is based in Jersey City, New Jersey. Customers and the Securities and Exchange Commission have both expressed interest in BlockFi's high-yield crypto interest accounts. It has also experienced issues with its loan product, however this is unlikely to be a problem for most everyday investors who are simply looking to buy and keep for long-term value increase.

The company recently reached a settlement with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) after being charged with failing to register its retail crypto lending product, among other things. The SEC announced in February that BlockFi had agreed to pay $50 million in fines to the SEC and another $50 million to 32 states. BlockFi was also obligated by the settlement to discontinue marketing BlockFi Interest Accounts to users in the United States.

When we contacted BlockFi for comment on the SEC action, the firm responded in a statement that it is working to bring its product in accordance with rules and registering with the SEC under the relevant statutes, after which it plans to relaunch its crypto interest-earning product to US clients.


Bisq is a peer-to-peer network that allows you to trade Bitcoin for fiat money and other cryptocurrencies.

While Bitcoin's motto is "Be your own bank," Bisq's is "Be your own exchange," according to the business. In contrast to centralised exchanges that serve as the core platform for transactions, Bisq serves as a platform for connecting with other people for direct crypto trading. While Bisq is undoubtedly overly complicated for newer investors, if you're a seasoned investor who values privacy and complete control over your crypto, you could find it interesting.

All transactions on Bisq must be made with Bitcoin, and you must first fund your wallet with it. Bisq does not require identity verification and is not a custodial service, so you retain complete control over your cash.

Bisq connects to what is known as the "dark web" via the Tor network, a browser that anonymizes its users and their behaviour. While Tor and the dark web have nothing intrinsically wrong with them, the anonymity they enable users also provides cover for unlawful (and anonymous) conduct. For most ordinary crypto investors, a more popular exchange like Coinbase or Gemini is likely to be a more convenient option — and one that does not have such a clear link to the dark web.

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